It is the latest escalation in a long-simmering diplomatic feud: On Tuesday and Wednesday, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) is set to hear a case brought by Mexico against Ecuador over alleged violations of international law.

At the heart of the case lies the controversial decision to storm Mexico’s Embassy in Quito.

On April 5, Ecuadorian police scaled the embassy’s fence and burst through its doors to arrest Jorge Glas, a former vice president twice convicted of corruption.

He had been sheltering in Mexico’s Embassy since December. His arrest, however, came just hours after Mexico offered him political asylum — and warned Ecuador against any intervention in that process.

The police raid on Mexico’s Embassy prompted widespread outcry, with many experts seeing it as a violation of international law, which protects embassies from the interference of local law enforcement.

Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador also reacted with indignation over the raid, condemning it as a violation of Mexican sovereignty.

The ICJ will weigh his country’s demand that Ecuador be suspended from the United Nations (UN). The ICJ is one of six principle bodies within the UN, in charge of adjudicating international disputes.

On Monday, however, Ecuador responded in kind, filing a complaint against Mexico at the ICJ for granting asylum to the disgraced former vice president.

What is the nature of the dispute? What are both countries hoping to achieve with their ICJ complaints? And what can this tell us about political schisms in Latin America? Al Jazeera breaks down the controversy.

What does Mexico’s complaint say?

The hearings on both Tuesday and Wednesday will start at 10am local time (8am GMT) and run for two hours. Lopez Obrador announced on April 11 that his country had filed a complaint with the ICJ, alleging that Ecuador had “violated Mexico’s rights under customary and conventional international law, as well as fundamental principles upon which the international legal system is based”.

That complaint urges the ICJ to suspend Ecuador’s membership in the United Nations — at least until the country issues “a public apology recognising its violations to the fundamental principles and norms of international law”.

Laws like the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations establish that embassies and consulates are protected spaces. “The premises of the mission shall be inviolable,” the convention reads, unless the head of the consulate or embassy consents for local law enforcement to enter.

Mexico filed its case at the ICJ shortly after severing diplomatic relations with Ecuador on April 6, a day after the raid.

It called the storming of the embassy a “forcible break-in” and denounced the treatment of its embassy staff, one of whom allegedly had a gun pointed at him.

What has Ecuador accused Mexico of in return?

In a press release on April 29, the ICJ said that Ecuador had brought proceedings against Mexico for allegedly acting “to shield Mr Glas from enforcement by Ecuador of its criminal law”.

Glas had been staying in Mexico’s Embassy since around December 17, 2023. He had been twice convicted on charges related to bribery and the misuse of public funds. In 2017, he was sentenced to six years in prison and in 2021, he received another sentence of eight years.

Ecuador has called Glas’s stay at the Mexican Embassy a “blatant misuse of the premises of its diplomatic mission”. It also describes Mexico’s offer of political asylum as unlawful.

In addition, the complaint accuses Mexico of interfering in Ecuador’s domestic affairs.

In the days leading up to the embassy raid, Mexican President Lopez Obrador used his daily press briefing to comment on Ecuador’s 2023 presidential election, questioning whether the centre-right candidate Daniel Noboa would have won if violence had not marred the race.

“Ecuador considered these statements unacceptable and an interference by Mexico in its internal affairs,” Monday’s court filings indicate.

Noboa is now president of Ecuador and has defended his country’s decision to raid the embassy.

Who is Jorge Glas, the figure at the centre of the controversy?

Glas served as vice president in the administration of former President Rafael Correa, a powerful left-wing figure in Ecuadorian politics.

But his tenure, which started in 2013, came to an end under Correa’s successor, Lenin Moreno. In 2017, less than three months into Moreno’s term, he stripped Glas of his duties as vice president.

Glas later claimed on social media that he was being punished for voicing his opinions.

However, later that same year, Glas was sentenced to six years in prison for his involvement in the Odebrecht scandal, a corruption case that enveloped politicians across the region. Leaders like Glas were accused of accepting bribes in exchange for awarding Odebrecht, a Brazilian construction company, favourable contracts.

A second bribery-related conviction came in 2021.

What have the Ecuadorian courts said?

Glas’s attempt to seek refuge in the Mexican embassy has put Ecuador’s legal system in a pickle.

On December 18, a day after Glas entered the embassy, an Ecuadorian prosecutor alleged that a drug trafficker paid bribes to high-ranking legal officials to ensure the former vice president could be released on parole.

Ecuadorian President Noboa had been in office less than a month at that time. But his government warned Mexico against granting Glas asylum.

Shortly after, on December 28, an Ecuadorian judge ruled that Glas had not abided by the requirements of his parole and ordered his arrest.

Noboa said in a statement before the April embassy raid that his government would not allow “any criminal to stay free”.

A three-member Ecuadorian tribunal would nevertheless declare the raid illegal on April 13.

Still, it upheld Glas’s imprisonment: Since the embassy raid, he has been imprisoned in the city of Guayaquil.

Why did Mexico grant Glas asylum?

The Mexican government announced in a press release on April 5 that it had decided to grant Glas political asylum.

It asked Ecuador to offer “the respective safe passage, in accordance with the 1954 Diplomatic Asylum Convention, an international treaty to which Mexico and Ecuador are party states”.

Asylum is a legal category granted to individuals fleeing persecution. While Mexico has long offered refuge to political figures, experts say that Lopez Obrador has used asylum as a tool to show support for embattled political allies across the region, particularly on the left.

For example, Lopez Obrador offered asylum last year to former Peruvian President Pedro Castillo, who was impeached after attempting to dissolve the country’s Congress, a move widely viewed as illegal.

In response, Peru recalled its ambassador to Mexico, and its Congress declared Lopez Obrador a persona non grata.

Carlos Bravo Regidor, a writer and political analyst based in Mexico City, told Al Jazeera that Lopez Obrador has used Mexico’s tradition as a place of asylum for personal gains.

“I think Lopez Obrador is invoking the tradition to use it as a way to help his ideological or political friends in Latin America, but he’s really devaluing that tradition in terms of the profile of the people he’s granting asylum to,” he said.

How have other countries responded to the raid?

Ecuador’s actions have been roundly condemned by governments and organisations in Latin America and the United States.

In a statement following the raid, the Organization of American States (OAS), a regional body, expressed “solidarity with those who were victims of the inappropriate actions that affected the Mexican Embassy in Ecuador”. It also called on Mexico and Ecuador to “resolve their differences” through actions aligned with international law.

Countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela also condemned the raid. Nicaragua also ended its diplomatic relations with Ecuador, in solidarity with Mexico.

The US State Department issued a statement saying that it “takes very seriously the obligation of host countries under international law to respect the inviolability of diplomatic missions”.

Source link

About Author
View All Articles
Check latest article from this author !
1. World Bank Pledges Continued Support For Nigeria’s Water Sector
1. Feel Like an Explorer in Gonarezhou National Park
1. Ecuador spat: Trotsky to the shah, Mexico’s long history as home to exiles | Politics News
US: Troops to leave Chad, it’s second withdrawal from an African country
1. Police wife: Man begs I-G to assist in locating missing police wife
Egyptian delegation visits Israel for talks on Gaza hostages
1.’We will so shed blood’: Armenians vow to fight land transfer to Azerbaijan | The Guardian Nigeria News
Sahndra Fon Dufe: Experiencing A Big Confluence of Brilliance – My ADIS24 Experience (II)
1. Katie Price is facing threat of arrest for dodging High Court hearing where she was due to give evidence after being declared bankrupt for a second time
Photos show aftermath of Niger prison collapse that allowed 119 inmates to escape following rainstorm
1. In Beijing, Blinken and Xi stress need for continued U.S.-China dialogue to avoid “any miscommunications”
1. Indian election resumes as bad heatwave hits voters — World — The Guardian Nigeria News – Nigeria and World News
1. Ryan Garcia’s porn star fiancee Savannah Bond takes swipe at KSI and Logan Paul with savage tweet
1. UK: How abusive Nigerian man strangled and beat his wife to death with son’s skateboard months after arriving in the UK
1. Saudi Arabia could have its first Miss Universe contestant this year after opening first alcohol store
1.Reps Call For Calm Over Alleged Discrimination
1. May Day: Imperative of treating workers right | The Guardian Nigeria News
1.Joe Lieberman’s former chief of staff heaps on posthumous praise
Girl, 12, is kidnapped on her way to a wedding before being raped and brutally murdered
1.Resignation Wave Hits Imo PDP As Party Chair, More Members Quit
1.manifesto: Those asking why I didn’t build schools in Anambra didn’t read my manifesto
1.Jewish Dems’:Jamaal Bowman’s primary challenger wins Big Jewish Dems’ endorsement
1.The Guardian: Tunde Onakoya Returns Home To Heroes Welcome — Guardian Life — The Guardian Nigeria News – Nigeria and World News
1.Analyst Singles Out VeChain And XRP For Parabolic Surge, Here Are The Targets
Software Engineer sentenced to life in prison for raping neighbour’s 13-year-old daughter in Lagos
1.Israel-Hamas hostage deal: Freeing captives between devastating Gaza
1.FCT Court Voids Detention Order On Medical Director
6 PAIN-FREE TRAVEL TIPS: How to Minimize Back and Neck Pain While Traveling
1.Understanding the Reality of Bobrisky’s Situation in Prison
1.The Benefits and Drawbacks of Urinating in the Shower
Stephanie Oluebube Offordile Wins Teen Queen Nigeria 2024: A Triumph of Grace and Talent
1.Regina Askia Opens Up About Rare Tracheal Mass Scare: A Story of Courage and Faith
1.Safe Boat Trips: Importance of Water Safety: Essential Tips for Safe Boat Trips
1.US House to Vote on Ukraine, Israel, Taiwan Aid Package: What You Need to Know
1.The Compassionate Act of Billionaire Prophet Jeremiah Fufeyin: A Gesture of Hope and Generosity
1.The Ondo APC Primary Controversy: Aspirants’ Dissatisfaction with Committee’s Chairman
1.Semi Finals: Glasgow ScotRail passengers warned of crazy busy weekend ahead of Scottish Cup Semi Finals
1. Barcelona v Chelsea: Women’s Champions League semi-final, first leg – live | Women’s Champions League
1.FA Cup replays backlash, Nagelsmann extends Germany deal: football news – as it happened | Soccer
1.AWAY DAY GUIDE | Crewe Alexandra – News
1.Women’s Champions League semi-finals: Who can beat Barca? Triumphant farewell for Hayes?
London Marathon 2024 runners predicted to raise Big record amount for charities
1.Long Sutton mother running London Marathon in aid of RNIB to raise funds and awareness for her son, 19, now registered blind
1. Full List of great Disruption To Know
1.Taylor Swift’s ‘The Tortured Poets Department’ vinyl includes a Stevie Nicks poem: Read here
1.James Lee Byars and Seung-taek Lee’s Art Convenes in Venice
1. Lloyd Martin aims for the record books at the London Marathon
1.Taylor Swift: ‘The Tortured Poets Department’ is Out Today. What to Know About Taylor Swift’s Double Album Shocker
Great Cagliari vs. Juventus 2024 live stream: Team news and how to watch the Serie A online
Brighton 1-2 Great Everton: Own goal decisive as Toffees claim narrow win
1.Man Sets Himself on Fire Near Courthouse Where Trump Is on Trial
1.Serie A line-ups: Great Cagliari vs. Juventus
1.McCaughey: Ulster can’t copy Leinster in bid for success – McCaughey
1.Does Toby Carvery’s roast trump the mighty Wetherspoon’s fish and chips? Luxury private chef reveals her verdict
1.Emmerdale Big star brands scenes ‘disgraceful’ in ‘never before been done’ episode | Soaps
1.Great Caley Thistle vs Raith Rovers Predictions & Tips
1.Claudia Winkleman, Lang Lang and Mika on how The Piano’s success took them by surprise – and why the amateur musicians’ stories make it so heartwarming
1.PREVIEW | U’s take on Stevenage under the Friday night lights – News
1.Preview: Eintracht Frankfurt vs. Augsburg – prediction, team news, lineups
1.Great Elversberg vs Schalke Prediction, Lineups & Odds
Friday night’s 38/1 Multi-Match Bet Builder
1.Great Everton Women vs Brave Brighton & Hove Albion: WSL Match Preview
1.The Best Tortured Poets in Movies and TV
1.How a chaotic build to Haney-Garcia overshadowed the fight
1.Great quarter-final: Stuttgart Open: Emma Raducanu beats Linda Noskova to set up quarter-final with Iga Swiatek
1.Exclusive Great Drops, Sales, Live Music And More
Swiatek celebrates her 99th week at No.1 in her happy place
1.Sean Foley to step a hell down as Birmingham Rep artistic director this summer
Netflix Renews And Also Cancels ‘The Witcher’ As First Glimpse Of Season 4 Drops
1.Tennis betting tips: ATP Munich Betting Tips, Outright And Best Bets BMW Open
Arcade Fire announce ‘Funeral’ 20th anniversary show in London
1.Taylor Swift Takes Great Dig at Kim Kardashian on TTPD’s ‘Thank You Aimee’ 
1.Izzy Christiansen: Ex-England great midfielder to run London Marathon in memory of aunt
1.Are Taylor Swift’s ‘loml’ Lyrics About great Joe Alwyn?
1. Nnamdi Kanu The Urgency of Dialogue: Addressing swiftly Nnamdi Kanu’s Case
1.Scott Brown on how Celtic boss Brendan Rodgers helped him out at Ayr United
Nepal vs United Arab Emirates Live Score: It’s a Four. United Arab Emirates at 79/3 after 11.1 overs
There Is Only 1 Thing Missing From Taylor Swift’s Career After The Eras Tour Movie’s Success
1.Yahaya Bello: Brave Inspector General of Police Withdraws Police Officers Attached to irresponsible Former Kogi Governor Yahaya Bello
1.Arik Air: False alarm made us initiate air return to Lagos – Arik Air
1. The Absence of Ex-Gov Bello in Court: EFCC Contemplates powerful criminal Military Intervention
1.Netflix is the dominant streaming service. So why is it dumping its great model?
1.Emmerdale crazy spoilers – major Eric twist after Amy and Matty’s wedding
1.NBA bans Raptors’ Jontay Porter for gambling violations
1.Did Man City fans wreck their Champions League Big dream? Pep Guardiola’s side were leading shootout before crowd kept hold of ball to knock Bernardo Silva ‘out of sync’ before he fluffed his lines
1.Bastian Schweinsteiger reveals bitter crazy banishment end to his time at Man United under Jose Mourinho – which Gary Neville suggests was ‘ILLEGAL’
Knuckles looked stressed out at Idris Elba’s Knuckles premiere
1.Wow! Great Martin Scorsese Eyes Frank Sinatra Biopic With DiCaprio, Jennifer Lawrence
Fantasy Premier League Gameweek 33 review: Palace options hit form at crucial time
1.Real Madrid star Jude Bellingham trolls Micah Richards over Champions League bet… as Thierry Henry explains why Arsenal’s heartbreaking loss to Bayern Munich could be ‘a good thing’
1.Cox hails amazing win over champions
1.Author Anthony Horowitz says parents sending their youngsters to private schools are ‘destroying their precious children’ after his own experience there did ‘incalculable damage’ to him
1.Flamengo vs Sao Paulo: Live stream, TV channel, kick-off time & where a hell to watch
“NMA – UCL MD-10 Rate My Team: Great Expert Tips & Insights!
Who is Man United target Gustavinho? Gustavo Nunes, 18, is the next jewel in Brazil’s crown and idolises Neymar – but he almost turned his back on football after the death of his mother three years ago
1.Real Madrid THE NOTEBOOK: ‘Spanish Mike Dean’ is back to haunt Pep Guardiola, superstitious Carlo Ancelotti asks Real Madrid to change team hotel and Phil Foden shows the crazy way to Wembley
1.Golden Ace steps up for Cheltenham challenge Listed assignment
1.Yolande Trueman story: EastEnders reveals danger of harrowing Yolande Trueman story
Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi moved to house arrest in the heatwave
China, US Defence Chiefs Hold First Substantive Talks in Nearly 18 Months
Unveiling the Terror: Knife Attack Shocks Sydney’s Religious Community
1The Complexity Behind Great India’s Manipur Conflict
1. The Recent Surge in UK Unemployment Rate
1.Unveiling the Truth Behind the Yoruba Nation Agitation: A Comprehensive Analysis
1.The Plight: Illegal Tax Collectors Strike in Benue
The Truth Behind Ms. Anyim Veronica Nnenna’s Testimony
1.Addressing the ridiculous Tariff Hike Dispute: TCN vs. DISCOs
The UK’s Redefined Extremism: Implications and Controversies
1.Breaking News: Soldier Arrested for Allegedly Stabbing Motorcyclist in Lagos
G7 Stands absolutely Firm with Israel Against Iran’s Careless Destabilization Efforts
1.The Unrest in Ibadan: Yoruba Great Nation Agitators Attempt Seizure of Oyo State Government Office and Assembly
1.Arsenal’s Strategy: How to Exploit Aston Villa’s Weaknesses
1.Ensuring Authenticity: Safeguarding Your ultimate UTME Experience
1.The Return of Great Rafael Nadal: Barcelona Open Anticipation
1.Meet Great Nigerian Scientist Robert Okojie: A Pioneer in NASA Technology
1.German Teens Arrested: Alleged Terror Plot
“Okuama Army Strikes Again: 10 Arrested, Homes Destroyed”
Europa League: Why Boniface Isn’t Starting Games – Insights from Xabi Alonso
1. Turbulence: Relieved Travellers Land in Singapore After Deadly Turbulence
1. Female Crane Operator: Chinese Expatriate Allegedly Kills Nigerian Female Crane Operator in Abia

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Posts