The Stranglehold: How Multiple Taxation Imperils Businesses in Nigeria

The Stranglehold: How Multiple Taxation Imperils Businesses in Nigeria

How Multiple Taxation Imperils Businesses in Nigeria

In the complex web of economic challenges faced by businesses and companies in Nigeria, the issue of multiple taxation emerges as a pervasive obstacle, strangling growth and pushing entrepreneurs to the brink. While tax remittance is integral to a nation’s financial health, the multiplicity and duplication of taxes by various government agencies have transformed this civic duty into a formidable barrier, especially for micro, small, and medium-scale enterprises navigating an already harsh economic terrain.

The Bassey Christopher Dilemma: A Microcosm of Widespread Struggles

The plight of Bassey Christopher, a retired Customs officer turned entrepreneur, encapsulates the ordeal faced by many business owners. Christopher’s foray into entrepreneurship with a pure water factory in Lagos was initially promising, but the burgeoning success soon gave way to a financial quagmire. The colossal burden of taxes imposed by federal, state, and local government agencies threatened the very existence of his business.

Despite attempts to voice concerns and seek redress, Christopher found himself entangled in a web of bureaucracy, with little respite from the incessant financial demands. The heavy taxation not only hampered his ability to secure essential bank loans but also jeopardized the livelihoods of his 68 employees.

The Global Context: Taxes as Civic Duty and Business Deterrent

Globally, taxation stands as a cornerstone for government revenue, ensuring the smooth functioning of public services. However, the practice of multiple taxation, particularly with different names for the same tax across various government levels, has sparked debates and adversely impacted Nigeria’s standing on the world ease of doing business index.

The inconsistency in tax implementation, despite legislative directives outlining specific taxes for each tier of government, has fostered an environment where businesses face a myriad of levies, stifling growth and discouraging investment. This practice not only diminishes returns on investment but also places an undue burden on corporate and business taxpayers.

The Menace of Tax Duplication: A Threat to Business Resilience

Tax duplication, defined as levying the same tax on the same entity by multiple government entities, emerges as a significant contributor to the challenges faced by businesses in Nigeria. Despite regulatory measures to curb illegal tax collection, the menace persists, eroding the ease of doing business and discouraging potential investors.

The impact is not confined to specific sectors, as evidenced by the struggles faced by numerous companies listed on the Nigeria Stock Group. Even businesses integral to the national economy find themselves hampered by the weight of multiple taxes, affecting their capital base and, in severe cases, leading to business collapse.

Charting a Path Forward: Addressing the Menace of Multiple Taxation

As Nigeria strives to enhance its business environment and attract investments, addressing the issue of multiple taxation becomes imperative. A comprehensive review and streamlining of tax policies, along with stringent enforcement measures, are crucial steps to foster a conducive business climate.

Collaboration between government agencies, stakeholders, and entrepreneurs is essential to strike a balance between revenue generation and business sustainability. Only through concerted efforts can Nigeria create an environment where businesses thrive, unburdened by the suffocating weight of excessive and duplicative taxes.


The narrative of Bassey Christopher and countless others underscores the urgent need for reform in Nigeria’s taxation system. Striking a balance between revenue collection and business-friendly policies is not just a fiscal imperative but a crucial step towards fostering economic growth and resilience.


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