NLC, TUC Nationwide Strike: A Detailed Overview of Compliance Across Nigerian States

NLC, TUC Nationwide Strike: A Detailed Overview of Compliance Across Nigerian States

NLC, TUC Nationwide Strike


In a significant turn of events, the nationwide strike called by the Nigerian Labour Congress (NLC) and Trade Union Congress of Nigeria (TUC) has sparked varying degrees of compliance across different states. This article provides an in-depth examination of the compliance levels, regional disparities, and key sectors affected by this labor-driven movement.

Mixed Compliance Across States

The directives issued by the NLC and TUC were executed with varying degrees of success across the nation. States such as Lagos, Anambra, Abia, Ebonyi, Kebbi, and Edo demonstrated robust compliance, witnessing the closure of banks, public schools, and courts. However, other states experienced partial adherence, with Imo reporting banks operating as usual.

Impact on Educational Institutions

The strike showcased a divergence of opinions within the nation’s public universities. While the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) rallied its members to join the strike, the Congress of University Academics (CONUA) took a contrasting stance, directing its members to abstain from the action. This schism reflects the nuanced dynamics within the education sector.

Root Causes of the Strike

The genesis of this nationwide strike can be traced back to the National Executive Council (NEC) meeting held in Abuja on November 13, 2023. The labor unions, citing the Federal Government’s failure to address critical issues, including minimum wage, insecurity, corruption, and poor governance, decided to embark on the industrial action. The brutalization of NLC President, Joe Ajaero, during the crisis in Imo added fuel to the already simmering discontent.

Government’s Response and Legal Measures

The Federal Government, in response, warned against the strike, emphasizing a court order obtained from the National Industrial Court of Nigeria barring the unions from proceeding with the strike. The Attorney-General of the Federation and Minister of Justice, Mr. Lateef Fagbemi, SAN, issued a statement underscoring the potential contempt of court involved in carrying out the strike.

Sector-Specific Impact

Maritime Sector

Notably, the Maritime sector demonstrated robust compliance, with the Maritime Workers Union of Nigeria (MWUN) effectively shutting down port operations in Lagos, Rivers, Cross River, and Delta states. This had a cascading effect on the economy, with freight forwarders urging regulatory bodies to prevent additional financial burdens during the strike.

Petroleum Sector

The Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (PENGASSAN) joined the strike, directing its members nationwide to participate. This added a significant dimension to the strike’s impact, affecting a sector pivotal to the nation’s economic stability.

Transportation and Banking

In Lagos, the strike left an indelible mark as both banks and train services came to a standstill. The ripple effect was felt in Kano as well, where banks, hospitals, and public places witnessed disruptions. However, Abuja stood in defiance, with federal and private sector workers resuming their duties.

Regional Disparities

While some states like Osun and Enugu reported minimal compliance, others, including Kebbi and Edo, witnessed a comprehensive shutdown of public services. The dichotomy in responses underscores the diverse socio-economic landscapes within the country.

The Role of Educational Institutions

The strike’s impact on educational institutions, with conflicting stances from ASUU and CONUA, highlights the complex interplay between academia and labor movements. The decision of academic staff to join or abstain from the strike reveals the intricate balancing act required in such nationwide actions.


As the NLC and TUC strike unfolds, it paints a vivid picture of Nigeria’s socio-economic fabric. The mixed compliance levels, sector-specific ramifications, and regional variations underscore the multifaceted challenges facing the nation. The coming days will likely witness further developments, shaping the discourse around labor rights, government responsiveness, and the intricate dance between various stakeholders in the Nigerian socio-political landscape.


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