2023 World Rivers Day: Our rivers under threat by climate change, pollution — FGAS Nigeria

2023 World Rivers Day: Our rivers under threat by climate change, pollution — FGAS Nigeria


In the wake of the 2023 World Rivers Day, FGAS Nigeria, standing shoulder to shoulder with the global community, raises an urgent and vital concern: the perilous state of our rivers. This commemorative day serves as a poignant reminder that our precious waterways face unprecedented challenges, including climate change and rampant pollution. The responsibility to safeguard these lifelines of nature and humanity falls upon us, and here, we delve into the profound significance of this day and the steps needed to ensure the longevity of our rivers.

A Global Call to Action

World Rivers Day is a global observance, marked annually, dedicated to focusing attention on the world’s river courses and waterways. Its primary objective is to highlight the multifaceted benefits rivers bestow upon us, increase public awareness about their importance, and promote responsible stewardship.

The Impact in Nigeria

In the context of Nigeria, the celebration of World Rivers Day has been instrumental in nurturing an understanding of the vital role healthy waterways play in our nation. Since its inception two years ago, over 1.5 million Nigerians have been sensitized to the significance of these rivers. This awareness has ignited a sense of responsibility among the populace, propelling us towards a brighter future for our rivers.

The Role of the Federal Ministry of Water Resources

The Federal Ministry of Water Resources has emerged as a stalwart guardian of our water bodies. It has taken substantial steps to preserve and protect our rivers, with the construction of approximately 260 dams across the country, housing nearly 70 billion cubic meters of water in reservoirs designed for multiple purposes. These initiatives have not only bolstered our water security but have also served as a testament to the government’s commitment to river preservation.

Mark Angelo’s Wisdom


Renowned river advocate and founder of World Rivers Day, Mark Angelo, eloquently underscores the challenges faced by rivers worldwide. Rivers everywhere confront a myriad of threats, but it is our proactive involvement in promoting healthy river practices that will guarantee their sustained existence. Thus, the primary focus of World Rivers Day is to advocate for the importance of global waterways, seeking innovative methods to enhance the quality and flow of our rivers while maintaining a thriving environment for aquatic life.

The 18th World Rivers Day: Theme and Sub-Theme

The 18th edition of World Rivers Day in 2023 bears the main theme, “the incredible natural, cultural, and recreational values of rivers, lakes, and streams in our communities.” Additionally, there is a sub-theme: ‘Rights of Rivers.’ These themes collectively serve as a clarion call for the protection of rivers in their pristine states and the restoration of those adversely affected by past negligence.

The Permanent Secretary’s Perspective

Esther Walson-Jack, the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Water Resources and Sanitation, aptly recognizes the integral role rivers play in Nigeria’s development. She emphasizes the pressing need for collaboration among river advocates to intensify efforts aimed at protecting our rivers. In Nigeria, numerous rivers face mounting threats stemming from climate change, pollution, urbanization, population growth, and industrial development. These factors necessitate a concerted national effort toward river remediation, protection, and conservation.

Climate Change: A Silent Menace

Climate change stands as an insidious adversary, casting a long shadow over our rivers. Rising temperatures, shifting rainfall patterns, and increased extreme weather events have created an environment ripe for ecological disruption. Rivers, once steady and predictable, are now subjected to erratic flows and unpredictable behavior.

Pollution: The Poison in Our Waters

Pollution remains one of the most pervasive threats to our rivers. Industrial effluents, agricultural runoff, and plastic waste have infiltrated our waterways, contaminating them and endangering the delicate balance of aquatic ecosystems. The health of our rivers is inextricably linked to the health of our planet.

Urbanization and Population Growth

As our cities expand and populations burgeon, the demands on our rivers multiply. Urbanization often leads to deforestation, increased runoff, and the encroachment of concrete jungles upon riparian zones. It is imperative that we strike a balance between development and conservation to ensure the long-term sustainability of our rivers.

Industrial Development: A Double-Edged Sword

While industrialization fuels economic growth, it also exacts a toll on our rivers. Factories and manufacturing facilities release pollutants into water bodies, further exacerbating the problem of river pollution. Stricter regulations and sustainable practices are needed to mitigate these adverse effects.

World Rivers Day: A Beacon of Hope

As we commemorate the 2023 World Rivers Day, we are reminded of the critical role rivers play in our lives. They provide us with freshwater for drinking and agriculture, offer recreational opportunities, and support diverse ecosystems. However, these invaluable resources are under siege.

The Path Forward

To secure the future of our rivers, it is incumbent upon us to take decisive action. We must advocate for policies that combat climate change, enact stringent anti-pollution measures, and foster sustainable urban development. Additionally, we should promote the restoration of degraded river ecosystems, ensuring that our rivers regain their former vitality.



In conclusion, the 2023 World Rivers Day serves as both a celebration of the invaluable contributions of rivers and a solemn reminder of the challenges they face. Climate change, pollution, urbanization, population growth, and industrial development threaten the very essence of our rivers. Nevertheless, through collective effort, awareness, and sustainable practices, we can ensure that these life-giving waterways continue to flow for generations to come.


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